Local and national environmental organizations
3 Rivers Wet Weather Demonstration Program
The 3 Rivers Wet Weather Demonstration Program administers grants to Allegheny County communities for innovative, cost-effective, watershed-based methods of wet weather sewer overflow elimination and management.
Alleghenies Watershed Network
Since its inception in 1996, the Alleghenies Watershed Network has acted as a forum for education about watershed issues and networking among the many entities working on watershed projects in Pennsylvania. The Network has used its newsletter, Network Notes, its watershed forums, its annual watershed conference, and its publication, A Watershed Primer for Pennsylvania, to focus more public attention on the quality and sustainable uses of our rivers.
Audubon Society of Western Pennsylvania
The mission of ASWP is to inspire and educate the people of southwestern Pennsylvania to be respectful and responsible stewards of the natural world. Conservation of our natural resources is part and parcel of that stewardship.
The Brownfields Center
The Brownfields Center is a Carnegie Mellon/University of Pittsburgh collaboration providing information on the re-use of brownfields.
Conservation Consultants, Inc.
Conservation Consultants, Inc. is a regional nonprofit organization that promotes responsible energy use in homes and other buildings.
French Creek Project
The French Creek Project works with landowners, farmers, business leaders, local government officials, scientists, conservationists, sportsmen and educators to help preserve French Creek.
Friends of the Riverfront
Friends of the Riverfront is a member-based organization dedicated to improved public access and appreciation of Pittsburgh riverfronts and the continued expansion of the Three Rivers Heritage Trail. They work to create trails, parks and continuous access along the three rivers, and partner with communities and citizens from all over the region to make our resources recognized around the world.
Green Building Alliance
Green Building Alliance (GBA) is a nonprofit organization that works to improve the economic, social and environmental performance of the Pittsburgh region through the integration of green building practices into regional development projects.
greenpittsburgh.netSM provides information on southwest Pennsylvania’s environmental, recreational and cultural assets. The site serves to inspire stewardship of, and increase awareness and use of, the region’s resources and amenities.
Group Against Smog and Pollution
Group Against Smog and Pollution (GASP) is a nonprofit citizens’ group in southwestern Pennsylvania working for a healthy, sustainable environment. Founded in 1969, GASP has been a diligent watchdog, educator, litigator and policymaker on all environmental issues, with a focus on air quality in the Pittsburgh region.
Nine Mile Run Greenway Project
Nine Mile Run team project goals:
- Establish artists as a creative source for environmental and community change
- Encourage dialogue about complex post-industrial issues utilizing contemporary technologies
- Identify and model sustainable approaches to urban open space development
- Promote bio-diversity and managed succession standards for brownfields reclamation.
Nine Mile Run Watershed Association
Nine Mile Run Watershed Association works to restore and protect the Nine Mile Run watershed through education, advocacy and stewardship.
Pittsburgh Parks Conservancy
The Pittsburgh Parks Conservancy is a nonprofit organization dedicated to preserving, enhancing and restoring the city’s four great parks—Frick, Highland, Riverview and Schenley—which are more than 250 acres each.
Rachel Carson Homestead
The mission of the Rachel Carson Homestead Association is to preserve, restore and interpret Rachel Carson’s birthplace and childhood home, and to design and implement education programs in keeping with her environmental ethic.
The Riverfront Development Plan
A comprehensive plan for the development of Pittsburgh's three rivers.
Riverlife Task Force
In 1999, the Riverlife Task Force was formed to develop a comprehensive plan for the future of Pittsburgh’s riverfronts. Made up of citizens, property owners, elected officials, and representatives of civic and cultural organizations interested in the future of the rivers and riverfronts, the Task Force’s vision is to create one of the most outstanding waterfronts in the world. In order to achieve this goal, the organization is working with all stakeholders and the public to dream and realize the full potential of the rivers and riverfronts.
The mission of Sustainable Pittsburgh is to affect decision-making in the Pittsburgh region so that it integrates economic prosperity, social equity and environmental quality. We do so by building diverse coalitions, developing measurable new indicators as a compass and undertaking key initiatives. In all of our work, we emphasize long-term and sustained quality of life for all citizens.
What’s in My Watershed?
What's In My Watershed? is a mapping application that provides the user with an easy-to-use tool for locating their neighborhood and obtaining information about their environment. What's In My Watershed? provides watershed groups along with the general public a variety of easily searchable information about where they live. Users can type in their addresses and see what facilities surround their neighborhood as well as determine if their house is in a flood plain, or is susceptible to landslides or sinkholes.
10,000 Friends of Pennsylvania
We are committed to achieving the following objectives:
- Revitalize existing communities and business districts
- Strengthen local, regional and Commonwealth land use planning and consistency of implementation through legislation, education and incentives
- Encourage future development near existing infrastructure
- Reduce traffic congestion, and air and water pollution
- Provide housing for people of all ages and incomes in our communities
- Protect historic, natural, agricultural and recreation areas
- Reduce land and resource consumption
- Conserve fiscal resources
21st Century Environment Commission
The 21st Century Environment Commission will help Pennsylvania set environmental priorities and explore new methods of achieving its environmental goals in the next century.
Air & Waste Management Association
The Air & Waste Management Association (A&WMA) is a nonprofit, nonpartisan professional organization that provides training, information, and networking opportunities to more than 9000 environmental professionals in 65 countries. The Association’s goals are to strengthen the environmental profession, expand scientific and technological responses to environmental concerns and assist professionals in critical environmental decision-making to benefit society.
Amazon Watch works with indigenous and environmental organizations in the Amazon Rainforest Basin to defend the environment and advance indigenous peoples’ rights.
American Farmland Trust
American Farmland Trust is a private, nonprofit organization founded in 1980 to protect our nation’s farmland. AFT works to stop the loss of productive farmland and to promote farming practices that lead to a healthy environment.
Chesapeake Bay Foundation
The Chesapeake Bay Foundation is the largest conservation organization dedicated solely to saving the Chesapeake Bay. Our motto, Save the Bay, defines the organization’s mission and commitment. With headquarters in Annapolis, Md., state offices in Maryland, Virginia and Pennsylvania, and a varied group of educational centers and programs, CBF works throughout the Chesapeake’s 64,000-square-mile watershed.
Clean Air Council
Clean Air Council is a member-supported, nonprofit environmental organization dedicated to protecting everyone’s right to breathe clean air. The Council works through public education, community advocacy and government oversight to ensure enforcement of environmental laws.
Clean Air Task Force
Founded in 1996, the Clean Air Task Force (CATF) staff is made up of senior scientists, economists, MBAs, lawyers and public outreach professionals—headquartered in Boston but located throughout the United States. Our work is augmented by collaboration with several nationally recognized technical and economic consulting organizations such as The Northbridge Group, Environmental and Energy Analysis, Inc. and MSB Energy Associates.
Clean Water Action
Clean Water Action is a national citizens’ organization working for clean, safe and affordable water, prevention of health-threatening pollution, creation of environmentally safe jobs and businesses, and empowerment of people to make democracy work.
Clean Water Action organizes strong grass-roots groups, coalitions and campaigns to protect our environment, health, economic well-being and community quality of life.
Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, Fish and Boat Commission
The mission of the commission is to protect, conserve and enhance all aquatic resources; to provide for the protection of aquatic resource users; to address the expectations of anglers and boaters; and to advocate the wise, safe use of Pennsylvania’s aquatic resources.
Community Environmental Legal Defense Fund
The Community Environmental Legal Defense Fund (CELDF) was launched in 1995 to provide free and affordable legal services to grass-roots, community-based environmental groups, and rural municipal governments. Since 1995, CELDF has provided legal assistance to more than three hundred organizations in seventeen states, and has assisted more than seventy rural, local governments in four states.
Defenders of Wildlife
Defenders of Wildlife is dedicated to the protection of all native wild animals and plants in their natural communities. It focuses its programs on what scientists consider two of the most serious environmental threats to the planet: the accelerating rate of extinction of species and the associated loss of biological diversity, and habitat alteration and destruction. Defenders of Wildlife also advocates new approaches to wildlife conservation that will help keep species from becoming endangered. Its programs encourage protection of entire ecosystems and interconnected habitats while protecting predators that serve as indicator species for ecosystem health.
The Delaware Riverkeeper Network
The Delaware Riverkeeper Network is a nonprofit, membership organization that has worked since 1988 to strengthen citizen protection of the Delaware River and its tributary watersheds. An affiliate of the American Littoral Society, a national conservation group, Riverkeeper works throughout the Delaware’s entire 13,000-square-mile watershed which includes portions of New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania and Delaware.
Earth Communications Office
Founded in 1998, ECO uses the power of communication to improve the global environment. Utilizing the skills and talents of members of the entertainment industry, ECO creates public service campaigns that educate and inspire people around the world to take action to protect the planet.
Through Earth Force, youth discover and implement lasting solutions to environmental issues in their community. In the process, they develop lifelong habits of active citizenship and environmental stewardship. Educators turn to Earth Force for innovative tools to engage young people in community problem-solving.
With a mandate from indigenous and environmental leaders at the 1992 Earth Summit, the EcoLogic Development Fund was established to conserve endangered wildlife and wildlands by working to advance community-based development and resource management: in partnership with local organizations; in areas where biologically diverse habitats are most threatened; where poverty is extreme; where financial and technical assistance can reduce pressure on threatened habitats and foster economic self-reliance.
Energy Star is a government-backed program helping businesses and individuals protect the environment through superior energy efficiency.
Enterprising Environmental Solutions, Inc.
Enterprising Environmental Solutions, Inc. in the 21st Century is a unique public-private partnership seeking to implement innovative solutions to long-standing environmental problems. The purpose of this partnership is to apply market-based solutions and policy innovations and to demonstrate successful projects toward achieving lasting environmental benefits and promoting long-term economic development.
The EnviroLink Network
The EnviroLink Network is a nonprofit organization that has been providing access to thousands of online environmental resources since 1991.
The Environmental Careers Organization
The Environmental Careers Organization is the country’s leading environmental careers development organization. Our mission is to protect and enhance the environment through the development of diverse leaders, the promotion of careers and the inspiration of individual action. ECO accomplishes this through internships, career advice, career products, research and consulting.
The Environmental Council of the States
The Environmental Council of the States (ECOS) is the national nonprofit, non-partisan association of state and territorial environmental commissioners.
Environmental Defense is dedicated to protecting the environmental rights of all people, including future generations. Among these rights are clean air and water, healthy and nourishing food, and a flourishing ecosystem.
Environmental Law Institute
The mission of the Environmental Law Institute is to advance environmental protection by improving law, policy and management. ELI researches pressing problems, educates professionals and citizens about the nature of these issues and convenes all sectors in forging effective solutions.
Environmental Organization Web Directory
The Environmental Organization Web Directory is a link to many worldwide environmental organizations arranged by category.
Environmental Support Center
Since 1990, the Environmental Support Center (ESC) has repeatedly helped more than 1,700 local, state and regional organizations working on environmental issues. ESC’s goal is to improve the environment in the United States by enhancing the health and well-being of these organizations.
The Environmental Working Group
The Environmental Working Group (EWG) is a not-for-profit environmental research organization dedicated to improving public health and protecting the environment by reducing pollution in air, water and food.
Environmental Yellow Pages
The Environmental Yellow Pages, Inc. (EYP) above all else, strives to provide information on the very latest education, reference, health, environmental products and professional services in the environmental industry today. The EYP is a major source of information for consumers and industry alike, because it not only maintains its network but provides the latest information for consumers and professionals worldwide.
The Great Lakes Information Network
The Great Lakes Information Network (GLIN) is a partnership that provides one place online for people to find information relating to the bi-national Great Lakes–St. Lawrence region of North America.
The goals of the Green Communities program are:
- To promote innovative tools that encourage successful community-based environmental protection and sustainable community development.
- To establish partnerships with other organizations and agencies to help build community capacity and knowledge in order to create more livable communities.
- To provide technical assistance and training through the Assistance Kit, workshops and the network of successful Green Communities throughout the country.
Greenpeace is a nonprofit organization, with a presence in 40 countries across Europe, the Americas, Asia and the Pacific. As a global organization, Greenpeace focuses on the most crucial worldwide threats to our planet’s biodiversity and environment.
The H. John Heinz III Center for Science, Economics and the Environment
Founded in December 1995 in honor of Senator H. John Heinz III, The Heinz Center is a nonprofit institution dedicated to improving the scientific and economic foundation for environmental policy through multisectoral collaboration among industry, government, academia and environmental organizations.
Izaak Walton League
The Izaak Walton League is a diverse group of 50,000 men and women dedicated to protecting our nation’s soil, air, woods, waters and wildlife. Our strength lies in our grass-roots, common-sense approach to solving local, regional and national conservation issues. Our interests span the spectrum of outdoor recreation and conservation activities, from angling and birding to stream monitoring, wildlife photography and hunting. But we all share one major goal: to protect and use sustainably America’s rich resources to ensure a high quality of life for all people, now and in the future.
John Heinz National Wildlife Refuge at Tinicum
The John Heinz National Wildlife Refuge at Tinicum is administered by the Department of Interior’s U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and is located in Philadelphia and Delaware Counties, Pennsylvania, about one mile from the Philadelphia International Airport. The refuge was established by an act of Congress in 1972 to protect the last 200 acres of freshwater tidal marsh in Pennsylvania. When acquisition is complete, it will consist of 1,200 acres of varied habitats. Over the years, the refuge has become a resting and feeding area for more than 280 species of birds, 80 of which nest here. Fox, deer, muskrat, turtles, fish, frogs and a wide variety of wildflowers and plants call the refuge “home.”
League of Conservation Voters
In addition to protecting the environment through electoral action, LCV works every day to hold Congress and the administration accountable for their decisions through programs like the National Environmental Scorecard, CongressWatch and Eye on the Administration. LCV is 40,000 members and growing, each one committed to helping us ensure that our air, water and open spaces are even better for our descendants than they are for us.
The National Association of Environmental Professionals
The National Association of Environmental Professionals is:
- the multidisciplinary association dedicated to the advancement of the environmental professions in the U.S. and abroad.
- a forum for state-of-the-art information on environmental planning, research and management.
- a network of professional contacts and exchange on information among colleagues in industry, government, academe and the private sector.
- a resource for structured career development from student membership to certification as an environmental professional.
- a strong proponent of ethics in the profession.
National Audubon Society
Audubon’s mission is to conserve and restore natural ecosystems, focusing on birds and other wildlife for the benefit of humanity and the earth’s biological diversity. Founded in 1905, the National Audubon Society is named for John James Audubon (1785–1851), famed ornithologist, explorer and wildlife artist.
The National Fish and Wildlife Foundation
The National Fish and Wildlife Foundation conserves healthy populations of fish, wildlife and plants, on land and in the sea, through creative and respectful partnerships, sustainable solutions and better education.
National Parks Conservation Association
Since 1919, the National Parks Conservation Association has been the sole voice of the American people in the fight to safeguard the scenic beauty, wildlife and historical and cultural treasures of the largest and most diverse park system in the world. Originally created as a watchdog for the National Park Service, today NPCA partners with the federal government and numerous national, regional and local groups to act: On the ground, mobilizing citizens and joining with communities, businesses, landowners and activists to protect park resources by battling abuse and neglect, educating the public, promoting local restoration and fostering better management in parks nationwide. In Congress, promoting parks legislation and lobbying for public funding to meet growing needs. In the courts, establishing legal safeguards that will protect our national parks for years to come.
The National Registry of Environmental Professionals
The mission of NREP is to promote legal and professional recognition of individuals possessing education, training and experience as environmental managers, engineers, technologists, scientists and technicians—and to consolidate that recognition in one centralized source—so that the public, government, employers and insurers can justify the importance and acceptance of such individuals to carry out operation and management of environmental activities.
The National Tribal Environmental Council
The National Tribal Environmental Council was formed in 1991 as a membership organization dedicated to working with and assisting tribes in the protection and preservation of the reservation environment. NTEC’s mission is to enhance each tribe’s ability to protect, preserve and promote the wise management of air, land and water for the benefit of current and future generations.
National Wildlife Federation
The National Wildlife Federation is the nation’s largest member-supported conservation group, uniting individuals, organizations, businesses and government to protect wildlife, wild places and the environment.
The Natural Resources Defense Council
NRDC uses law, science and the support of more than 500,000 members nationwide to protect the planet’s wildlife and wild places and to ensure a safe and healthy environment for all living things.
The Natural Step
The mission of The Natural Step is to catalyze systemic change and accelerate the shift toward sustainability worldwide. The Natural Step is an international organization that uses a science-based, systems framework to help organizations, individuals and communities take steps toward sustainability.
The Nature Conservancy
The Nature Conservancy has been working since 1951 to preserve the plants, animals and natural communities that represent the diversity of life on Earth by protecting the lands and waters they need to survive.
North American Association for Environmental Education
The North American Association for Environmental Education promotes a healthy, sustainable environment through education. NAAEE provides support for environmental education and educators through a variety of programs and activities.
North American Water Trails
Founded in 1993, the mission of North American Water Trails is to foster the development, enjoyment and stewardship of recreational water trails. As an organization, NAWT is a coalition of groups and individuals committed to supporting access to the United States’ and Canada's wealth of waters, especially to what we call water trails—small boat and paddling routes that combine recreation and conservation. Our membership includes volunteer groups, public interest organizations, government agencies, private companies and dedicated individuals. Above all, NAWT strives to be an active voice for water trail organizations as we work to set a precedent for wise trail development and use across North America.
PennFuture works to create a just future where nature, communities and the economy thrive. We enforce environmental laws and advocate for the transformation of public policy, public opinion and the marketplace to restore and protect the environment and safeguard public health. PennFuture advances effective solutions for the problems of pollution, sprawl and global warming; mobilizes citizens; crafts compelling communications; and provides excellent legal services and policy analysis.
Pennsylvania Center for Environmental Education
The Pennsylvania Center for Environmental Education will promote the environmental education process as a tool through collaborating with its partners, providing access to quality resources and services, identifying needs and trends, enhancing and complimenting the effectiveness of existing programs, and facilitating partnerships.
Pennsylvania Department of Conservation and Natural Resources
Established on July 1, 1995, the agency is charged with maintaining and preserving the 116 state parks; managing the 2.1 million acres of state forest land; providing information on the state’s ecological and geologic resources; and establishing community conservation partnerships with grants and technical assistance to benefit rivers, trails, greenways, local parks and recreation, regional heritage parks, open space and natural areas.
Pennsylvania Environmental Council
Since its founding in 1970, the Council has played an active role in environmental policy discussions and decision-making in Harrisburg, in both the regulatory and the legislative arenas. The Council’s advocacy work generally includes commenting on proposed legislation and regulations, testifying before General Assembly committees and publishing our Legislative Update, which provides our members and others with clear analyses of issues and the Council’s positions.
Pennsylvania Environmental Network
Pennsylvania Environmental Network (PEN) is a network of grass-roots environmental groups throughout the state. PEN is an environmental justice organization. These groups are fighting everything from landfills, incinerators, nuclear dumps and sludge spreading on farmlands to logging and mining and development battles. PEN is a clearinghouse for information and technical expertise on organizing and on various issues of interest to the grass roots. PEN has 15 leadership teams that help citizens network and address important issues.
Pennsylvania Organization for Watersheds and Rivers
POWR is dedicated to the protection, sound management and enhancement of the Commonwealth’s rivers and watersheds and to the empowerment of local organizations with the same commitment.
The Pennsylvania Water Resources Education Network
The Pennsylvania Water Resources Education Network (WREN) is a non-partisan, informal collaboration among organizations and public officials working for the protection and management of Pennsylvania’s water resources, both surface and ground water, through education and informed policymaking.
Pinchot Institute For Conservation
The Pinchot Institute For Conservation is a nonprofit natural resource policy, research and education organization dedicated to leadership in conservation thought, policy and action. The Pinchot Institute was dedicated in 1963 by President John F. Kennedy at Grey Towers, the historic home of conservation leader Gifford Pinchot, to facilitate communication and closer cooperation among resource managers, scientists, policymakers and the American public. The Institute continues Pinchot’s legacy of conservation leadership as a center for policy development in support of sustainable forest management.
Public Employees for Environmental Responsibility
Public Employees for Environmental Responsibility is a private, nonprofit organization that protects the government employees who protect our environment. PEER works with and on behalf of these resource professionals to effect change in the way government agencies conduct business. PEER promotes environmental ethics and government accountability.
Resources for the Future
RFF is a non-profit and nonpartisan think tank located in Washington, DC that conducts independent research—rooted primarily in economics and other social sciences—on environmental and natural resource issues. Founded in 1952, RFF was created at the recommendation of then#8211;CBS Chairman William Paley, who had just chaired a presidential commission that looked into whether the United States was becoming overly dependent on foreign sources of important natural resources. Today, RFF has more than 40 researchers working on a variety of issues, ranging from climate change to electric utility restructuring to sustainable forestry.
Riverbend Environmental Education Center
Riverbend is a nonprofit, private organization in Gladwyne, PA, serving since 1974. A discovery room, classroom, library and offices are housed in a 1923 converted barn surrounded by 31 acres of open land. The diversity of Riverbend’s habitat provides a unique setting for educational, hands-on activities designed to establish an awareness and understanding of the principles upon which our natural world is based.
Rocky Mountain Institute
Rocky Mountain Institute is an entrepreneurial, nonprofit organization that fosters the efficient and restorative use of resources to create a more secure, prosperous and life-sustaining world.
Since 1993, Second Nature has been dedicated to accelerating a process of transformation in higher education. We chose to assist colleges and universities in their quest to integrate sustainability as a core component of all education and practice, and to help expand their efforts to make human activity sustainable.
The Sierra Club has more than 700,000 members. Our mission statement:
- Explore, enjoy, and protect the wild places of the earth.
- Practice and promote the responsible use of the earth’s ecosystems and resources.
- Educate and enlist humanity to protect and restore the quality of the natural and human environment.
- Use all lawful means to carry out these objectives.
Stonycreek, Conemaugh Rivers Improvement Project
SCRIP is a local effort in Cambria and Somerset Counties, in the Allegheny Mountains of western Pennsylvania, to restore the Stonycreek and Little Conemaugh Rivers from over 150 years of coal#8211;mining induced pollution.
Student Environmental Action Coalition
SEAC, pronounced “seek,” is a student- and youth-run national network of progressive organizations and individuals whose aim is to uproot environmental injustices through action and education. SEAC defines the environment to include the physical, economic, political and cultural conditions in which we live. By challenging the power structure that threatens these environmental conditions, SEAC works to create progressive social change on both the local and the global levels.
Sustainable Communities Network
The Sustainable Communities Network is for those who want to help make their communities more livable. Here a broad range of issues are addressed and resources are provided to help make this happen.
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service’s mission is, working with others, to conserve, protect and enhance fish, wildlife, and plants and their habitats for the continuing benefit of the American people.
U.S. Green Building Council
The U.S. Green Building Council is the nation’s foremost coalition of leaders from across the building industry working to promote buildings that are environmentally responsible, profitable and healthy places in which to live and work.
The Waterkeeper Alliance is comprised of more than 85 Waterkeeper programs located throughout North and Central America, and beyond. The Waterkeeper movement is among the fastest growing grass-roots environmental movements and quickly is becoming a unique force for environmental change. It is an environmental “neighborhood watch” program, a citizen’s patrol to protect communities and the waters they depend on. The Waterkeeper philosophy is based on the notion that the protection and enjoyment of a community’s natural resources requires the daily vigilance of its citizens.
Western Pennsylvania Conservancy
The Western Pennsylvania Conservancy’s mission is to enrich the human relationship with the natural world by saving the places we care about. It accomplishes that by conserving land, water and life; protecting rural Pennsylvania from sprawl; preserving Fallingwater as a symbol of human activity in harmony with nature; fostering land stewardship ethics; and engaging others in cooperative partnerships to promote regional sustainability.
Wildlands Conservancy is a nonprofit, member-supported organization dedicated to land preservation, river preservation, trail development and environmental stewardship through education. Wildlands Conservancy’s commitment to open space has resulted in over 31,000 acres of permanently preserved land in eastern Pennsylvania through acquisition and conservation easements.
Wildlife Habitat Council
Created in 1988, WHC helps large landowners, particularly corporations, manage their unused lands in an ecologically sensitive manner for the benefit of wildlife. WHC also works to broaden understanding of wildlife values. Nearly 120 companies are WHC members, as are two dozen conservation organizations plus many supporters and contributors. Over 1.2 million acres in 46 states, Puerto Rico and twelve other countries are managed for wildlife through WHC-assisted projects.
The Woods Hole Research Center
The Woods Hole Research Center addresses the great issues of environment through scientific research and education and through applications of science in public affairs.
Youth for Environmental Sanity
YES! is a nonprofit organization that educates, inspires and empowers young people to join forces for social justice and environmental sanity.